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WHAT IS ARCHITECTURE

Thursday, May 26, 2016

WHAT IS ARCHITECTURE?

Architecture is study of various aspects of human life and technological developments. It is planning, designing, construction and management of buildings, other physical structures and their ambiances. In other words architecture is study of art, science of buildings and humanity. The study of architecture deals with learning of architectural skills, building technology, theories and philosophy developed through continuous evolution of a variety of human cultures and civilizations. It requires understanding of the current world and its direction towards future developments.

Architecture is a creative art produced with the help of engineering and technology. The related creative arts include painting, music, design, sculpture, song, dance, poetry and literature. It focuses on various possibilities of innovative solutions to the complex problems with deeper understanding of the issues involved.

HOW TO LEARN ARCHITECTURE?

A specific approach is required to learn architecture. It is mainly based on discussion, debate and sharing of the knowledge. It requires analytical study of relevant literature, thorough observation and examination of the issues of physical environment, and expression in verbal, written and preferably in graphical forms. Various areas of learning architecture follow:

A-    Architectural Skills:  The skills include communication through Free hand drawing, in context of Aesthetical considerations, Technical drawing, Visual and Graphical skills, Computer skills, Computer animation, and preparation of submission and detailed working drawings, building logical arguments through literary writing and appropriate verbal expression. It may be called as Language of Architecture.

B-    Building Technology: It includes the knowledge required to convert the idea or proposed solution into physical form. It requires to learn physical, scientific and structural properties and behaviors of the materials to be used in construction of building and other aspects of the built environment with appropriate economic considerations. It requires the related engineering and technological knowledge such as suitable possibilities of structural forms, environmental control systems and such other related developments in the fields of engineering and technology.

C-    Histories and Theories: It is the most important area of learning architecture. It requires a comprehensive and deeper knowledge of the past and present of human societies, cultures and civilizations leading towards future developments. It is focused on understanding of the human behaviors, psychology, sociology, culture, anthropology, geography, urban and rural societies and current world leading towards future with defined vision for meeting the targets of mission. It is the area which differentiates an architect from an engineer and a technologist.

D-    Architectural Design: The learning of all above mentioned areas combines and comprehensively sum up in Architectural Design. Thus it plays important role in providing the innovative solution to complex problems related to planning, designing, construction and management of buildings and related issues of the built environment. Architecture plays the most important role in identity and recognition of the people, human cultures and civilizations. When it contains permanence, continued survival for having a particular sense of wonder, it gives pride to successors of the ancestors who had produced that architecture with exceptional qualities.

The study of Architecture provides enlightenment and plays significant role in grooming of human personality, building of confidence and raising the level of maturity. Architecture is different. It is learnt with commitment and dedication. The process of learning and practicing architecture is joyful. Thus an architect is an important person in any society and nation. He plays a leading role in the development of physical environment and defining the culture through structures built of brick and stone. 

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